Objective: To evaluate the postoperative recovery effect of thoracic laparoscopic esophageal carcinoma radical mastectomy of different nationalities' patients by thoracic paravertebral nerve block under combined ultrasound guidance for general anesthesia.Methods: 80 cases of laparoscopic radical esophagectomy for esophagus cancer in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region People's Hospital from from April to December 2016, were divided into general anesthesia Han group (HJ) and the general anesthesia Kazak group (KJ), General anesthesia combined with paravertebral block Han group (HZ) and General anesthesia combined with paravertebral block Kazak group (KZ), 20 cases in each group. The four groups were induced by the same narcotic drugs, static inhalation combined anesthesia were used, Group HZ and KZ were given 30 ml 0.4% ropivacaine at the end of the operation on the end of the seventh thoracic vertebra (T7) paravertebral block. Group HJ and KJ were given sufentanil for intravenous analgesia at the end of the operation. The visual pain simulation score (VAS) was used to evaluate the 1, 4, 8, 12, 24 h and active pain in four groups of patients after operation. The monitoring indexes of four groups after operation were recorded and compared.Results: VAS at 4 h, 8 h and 12 h in HJ group and KJ group were lower than those in HZ group and KZ group (P<0.05). VAS in KJ group were lower than those in HJ group at 8 h and 12 h (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference between group KZ and group HZ (P>0.05). The residence time in monitoring room, the time to go out of bed, eating time, hospitalization days and cost of hospitalization in the four groups were compared, group KZ was the best(P<0.05). The incidence of nausea and vomiting in KJ group was the highest (P<0.05), There was no statistical difference between group HZ and group KZ(P>0.05).Conclusion: Paravertebral block analgesia guidedunder ultrasound after radical resection of esophageal carcinoma is better than intravenous analgesia, the postoperative analgesic effects of different ethnic groups are consistent, the recovery of Kazakh patients under general anesthesia combined with paravertebral block is fast after operation.
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