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心理干预联合生活习惯护理对乳腺增生患者情绪、疼痛及生活质量的影响
作者:赵艳青 
单位:辽宁中医药大学附属第四医院 手术室, 辽宁 沈阳 110101
关键词:心理干预 生活习惯护理 乳腺增生 情绪变化 生活质量 
分类号:R711
出版年·卷·期(页码):2018·46·第七期(769-772)
摘要:

目的:分析心理干预联合生活习惯护理对乳腺增生患者情绪、疼痛及生活质量的影响。方法:选取110例乳腺增生患者进行前瞻性对照研究,依据入院时间分为对照组(予以常规治疗及护理)和研究组(在对照组的基础上实施心理干预及生活习惯护理)。记录两组患者干预前后的情绪、疼痛及生活质量变化情况。结果:干预前两组患者的情绪、疼痛及生活质量评分比较,差异无统计学差异(均P>0.05)。干预后研究组正性情绪评分高于对照组,负性情绪评分低于对照组;疼痛评分低于对照组,生活质量评分高于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对乳腺增生患者予以心理干预及生活习惯护理可有效地改善患者的情绪、减轻疼痛、提高生活质量。

Objective: To analyze the psychological intervention combined with living-habits nursing on emotion, pain and living quality of the patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands.Methods:One hundred and ten patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands were selected for prospective controlled study. According to the time of admission, the patients were divided into the control group (conventional treatment and nursing) and the research group (psychological intervention andliving-habits nursing based on control group). The changes of emotion,pain and quality of life before and after intervention of the both groups were recorded.Results: Before the intervention,there were no significant difference in emotion,pain and quality of life between the two groups (all P>0.05); after the intervention, positive emotion score of the research group was higher than that of the control group,negative emotion score was lower than that of the control group,the pain score was lower than that of the control group,and the quality of life score was higher than that of the control group (all P<0.05).Conclusion:The application of psychological intervention combined withliving-habits nursing in patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands can effectively improve the emotional status of patients,reduce pain and improve the quality of life.

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