Objective:To summarize the experience of anesthesia management of classical abdominal caesarean section with temporary infrarenal aortic balloon blocking.Methods: The clinical data of 135 cases undergoing classical cesarean section with temporary abdominal aorta balloon blocking in the Department of Anesthesiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from 2014 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including anesthesia methods, operation time, hypotension, bleeding volume, blood transfusion rate, balloon occlusion time, Apgar score, and adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting, low temperature, chill reaction.135 cases were divided into four groups by anesthesia type:spinal anesthesia, general anesthesia, spinal anesthesia plus monitored anesthesiaand spinal anesthesia plus general anesthesia. Results:The operation time of both the spinal anesthesia plus monitored anesthesia group and spinal anesthesia plus general anesthesia group was significantly longer than that of the spinal anesthesia group(P<0.01). The blood loss in the spinal anesthesia group was significantly less than the other three groups (P<0.01). Hypotension occurred in 61 patients (45.2%) and 82 patients (60.7%) received blood transfusion during the operation. The balloon occlusion time in the spinal anesthesia group was significantly shorter than that of the spinal plus monitored anesthesia and the spinal plus general anesthesia. The overall incidences of hypothermia, chills, and nausea and vomiting during the operation were 94(69.6%), 44(32.5%), and 15(11.1%). The incidence of chill reaction in the spinal anesthesia plus general anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the spinal anesthesia group. The incidence of shivering in the spinal + general anesthesia group was significantly lower than the spinal group.Conclusion:Spinal anesthesia is the most commonly used anesthesia method for this type of surgery; as the operation time increases, spinal anesthesia plus monitored anesthesia or spinal anesthesia plus general anesthesia are usually required to complete the operation. Hypotension caused by acute blood loss is a common complication of the operation; a good sense of thermal insulation and active management of adverse reactions such as chills, nausea and vomiting are required during the operation.
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